Whether we like to accept or not there is a game between rich (investors) and poor (work force). Rich like to pay least and earn most while poor like to get paid most for the least pain of labor. Here the assert the rich has is the capital while the assert poor has are the skills and time. This game had little effect with the time until the IT has come into the playground.
From the pre-historic time humans have developed technology to ease the stuff they had to do in a harder way. (e.g. Invention of wheel) Innovations have improved the living conditions of human beings from stone age to the modern human civilization. The purpose of innovation is always to
- reduce the work by humans
- reduce the time takes
- improve the quality of outcome and to
- increase the volume of the the outcome
of a product or a service. With the advancement of technology the accumulated knowledge was passed from generation to generation and continuously improved the above four parameters of almost all the products and services we consume on today. But up to the information era this innovation was gradual. Machinery were developed but human involvement was essential in most cases. Automating machinery was very difficult to make, that needed a lot of mechanical knowledge and time to implement. And once automation is built with hardware it is almost unable to customize for improvements. All of these issues with automating machines kept the room for laborer to work and earn considerable amount of profit share, a company makes out of the products and services. But under the curtain the technology has saved a thousands of human hours to the employer (owner of capital) that would have needed for the same task otherwise. But as the quality of life increases the demand for advanced goods and services were demanded from the public which made the workers working for new demands. The new demand increased the profits of the capital owners but could not extract a huge amount of wealth from the mankind as the increase of price of good/service creates new competitors who has the same technology and attract the work force for much higher salaries.
With IT and Programmed Software
Ability to print complex logical statements into a piece of silicon wafer has changed the game between rich and poor while exponentially improving the above mentioned 4 parameters. Not only we can print to logic into silicon chips but make generic silicon chips that can execute programs generated as binary data. Mechanical programming and automation has changed to software driven motors and actuators that can rapidly improve the way a machine works without touching the hardware implementation by just programming a software. This has saved a millions of human hours worth of work improving the quality of mankind at the same time losing many many human jobs.
That is how the IT industry has improved providing higher salaries to programmers for losing many other types of jobs from the world. But with the programming technology is being developed, primary programming building blocks were given as boilerplate and programmers just has to run on top of it. This has also eliminated many many low level programming jobs but more complex requirements made the programmers busy and software industry still in need of more programmers.
But with the innovation of software, developing software will lose the developer jobs as well. But as Turing machines cannot perfectly understand another Turing machine an error free programming machine will never be innovated with current technology. (Quantum computers may change that game as well) Although the programming jobs cannot be perfectly automated with a software, jobs opportunities for programmers will be far less when many logical components are built into systems where programmers have a very little to do.
Who Can Save the Jobs?
Today almost every week you hear new technological stuff are getting innovated. One day it was Google Glasses then it was Google autonomous cars and later it was Oculus. In all of these innovations, the common innovative factor is software. Hardware technology was developed for thousands of years but now all the hardware have come into life with software. Compared to hardware innovations, software innovation has a very rapid growth rate due to its inherent features like object oriented programming paradigm. When software is used, the investors has more power over hardware innovations due to intellectual property rights. It is not easy to reverse engineer a software and reproduce a copy of it or improve it. Giant software like Google Search could hide their complete software technology by just providing their software as services. This has created the room for monopoly. Once a great software is built only the same company can develop further on it. And they can sell their product for the highest price a buyer is willing to buy which provides them a huge profit margin compared to a traditional hardware technology vendor. A software vendor can either copy a software binary and sell or just host the software and sell as a software as a service. The latter is becoming popular due to guaranteed IP rights, emerge of cloud technology and due to the emerge of low powered mobile technology.
This process drastically improves the wealth distribution among the society and this is how Microsoft owner has become the richest person on earth in his lifetime while Google and Apple and come to their respective positions. Only few technology giant companies acquire most of wealth of mankind which gives the capability to invest more into innovations and to pay high salaries for best brains of workforce. Small companies cannot afford either their cost of innovation or the salary payments which avoids any competitors entering into the market. Actually these giants are becoming the competitors for other industries. For example Google Loon is a threat for existing telecommunication industry while automated vehicles threaten the transportation companies and jobs for drivers. Amazon threatens the book publisher industry and music recording industry.
Now the questions is who can save the jobs which is our topic. Actually other than few of brilliant engineers working in these companies there will be no job left in theory.
Accountancy and paper related jobs have already taken away by IT. Food cultivation, maintaining farms can also be automated with robots. Services like medical services can be automated with AI based consultancy services. Even surgery may be possible with automated robots. Yeah, production, maintenance and repairing machinery can also be automated with intelligent robots. (i.e. Robots that can make robots by themselves) Construction industry, housekeeping, childcare all can be automated with robots. Legal system can also be automated with computer vision enabled camera driven software observers for crimes, robot police officers and robot armies and AI based judiciary. Entertaining industry can be replaced with music generating, singing and art drawing software, which are already in the experimental stage.
The only requirement humans cannot replaced by robots is when it comes to sex. Virtual reality sex or humanoid robots can fulfill human sexual needs but it is questionable all people would be really happy with the pseudo sex. Irrespective of the gender, the only job opportunity real humans will remain is prostitution. Be prepared for it. Either your child will have to work in Google or Microsoft becoming a genius engineer or he/she should be sexy enough to successful in the profession of prostitution. When you select your partner be selective how your child will survive in the future. Remember, your child should be either extremely genius or sexy.
Is There Any Hope?
All above things are possible when technology giant owners think like psychopaths and government becomes a puppet of these giants. The latter is possible as even now we can see that, but the previous assumption is far beyond the reality. When people gather a huge amount of money that cannot be spent during his lifetime they become more human. Although they may not stop innovating further they may be willing to distribute the wealth they have gathered to the poor people in the society. On the other hand if majority becomes poor and die with hunger there will be no customers to buy the products and services they produce. Most probably government taxes may become a way of distributing their excess wealth among the rest of people while most of their wealth will be distributed with charity. So at last, although the distribution of wealth among people are huge, most people will acquire better living standards than we have today. People will have nothing to do as jobs we do today, with pain and will be able to spend a comfortable life. If they want excess comfort, they will have to do a job which is either one of the 2 jobs available on those days.